Saturday, October 20, 2018

Gonorrhea Symptoms And Treatment

Gonorrhea Symptoms  And Treatment

Everything you need to know about gonorrhea, the causes of gonorrhea, symptoms and how to treat it.First of all I will start by explaining what gonorrhea is.


          What Is Gonorrhea ?
Gonorrhea is defined as a sexual transmitted disease that is caused by a bacteria called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, this bacteria can be contracted from one person to another, through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person [anal and vaginal oral sex], which may lead to infection of the urethra, [the urine tube]. And this bacteria may also affect the cervix if you did not treat it on time. Gonorrhea infection can exceed to higher portions of reproductive organ" causing  inflammation of the prostate and inflammation of the epididymis disease in men, apelvic in women. Gonorrhea can also cause "Gonococcal Proctitis" which means, inflammation of the anus and rectum. It may also infect the throat, resultig to Gonococcal pharyngitis, which means inflammation of the pharynx that causes soreness.

To a lower extent, gonorrhea can spread to other parts of the body through bloodstream. Resulting to arthritis, fever and a characteristic rash, in pregnant women with untreated gonorrhea. This bacteria called "Neisseria gonorrhoeae" may spread to the eyes of their babies during delivery, thereby causing "Gonococcal Ophthalmia" which means a several eye infection in newborn babies.

A lot of people who are infected with this bacteria, will have no symptoms. More especially the women' they are more likely to have no symptoms at all than men. When the bacteria causes symptoms,they usually develope within ten days (10) after unprotected sex with an infected person, men may develop a discharge from the urethra, " the opening at the end of penis where the urine comes out" looking red around the urethra, urinating frequently, pains and discomfort when urinating. While in women, they may develop pain or discomfort when urinating, a virginal discharge, discomfort in the anal and frequent urination. The disease will spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes causing fever, abnormal menstrual, bleeding and pains during sexual intercourse.

In cases of gonococcal pharyngitis, the infected person may have a sore throat or may not have any symptoms. Because many people with gonococcal pharyngitis do not have any symptoms, but when they occur " they commonly include: persistent urge to move the bowels or mucus pus, itching or rectal pain and rectal discharge that contains blood. When gonorrhea spread through the bloodstream' it can cause swelling in the several joints, a characteristic rash, pain and fever. And newborn babies infected with this bacteria "gonococcal ophthalmia" the symptoms appears one to four days after delivery, and it affects one or both eyes as shown in the picture. And the symptoms includes: swelling of the eyelids, eyes discharge that is thick which contains pus, and redness of eyes. If you did not teat it, it may cause blindness.


                  Prevention

Gonorrhea as a sexual transmitted diseases can be prevented through:

1. Having sex with uninfected person.

2. Always using comdom "male or female comdom" during sex.

3. Avoiding sexual intercourse.

Gonorrhea is a horrible disease, so to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia in new born babies, all pregnant women are advised to conduct gonorrhea test during their first prenatal.women at risk of infection during pregnancy are also advised to repeat the test  during third trimester. Newborn babies can be treated at birth with eye ointment or anti-inffective eye drops.

                   Diagnosis

Doctors can suspect gonorrhea based on signs and symptoms, your sexual history and the results of physical and gynecological examinations. They can also confirm diagnosis of gonococcal infection by swabbing the affected area. "Throat, cervix,urethra and rectum" then they will send the sample to a laboratory to check if bacteria grow. It can also be teasted for gonorrhea infection. 
Gonorrhea rapidly improve with antibiotics therapy, when an infected women is not treated. This bacteria can spread to the fallopian tubes, causing miscarriages and infertility. In those suspected  of having the bacteria that has spread beyond the genital tract and other fluids, e.g joint fluid or blood .

                Prognosis

Gonorrhea infections are diagnosed  and treated correctly and rapidly,recovery is usually complete unless pelvic inflammation disease develops. Pelvic inflammation disease is more likely to develop when there is delay in treatment, causing abdominal pain, infertility, scarred fallopian tube, and chronic.
Professional health practitioners, recommended that all patients treated gonorrhea should be treated chlamydia infection too. Because 35-50 percent of female and 15-25 percent of male with gonorrhea infection also have chlamydia infections.


     When Do I Contact My Doctor?

Contact your doctor if you have the symptoms of gonorrhea or whenever you notice those symptoms listed. Do not hesitate to contact your doctor if you have participated in sexual activies with someone who contracted gonorrhea, more especially pregnant women.
There should be a schedule of routine physical examination to all women sexually actve, including a pelvic examination every year even if they have no symptoms of gonorrhea infections or any other sexual transmitted diseases.


  How To Treat Gonorrhea

Bacteria that causes gonorrhea have become resistant to so many antibiotics that I ete very effective in the past, so the newest guidelines from United State Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, came up with the best treatment of gonorrhea infection with a single intramuscular injection of  Ceftriaxone [ Rocephin]. And patients with chlamydia infection should be treated with an oral dose of azithromycin. Both partners infected with gonorrhea infection should treat themselves, to get a perfect result.


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